Elly, Martsy & Tray

[ PT ]


Olá, heróis!


Espero que estejam bem e que estejam a dar-vos a vocês mesmos um pouco de tempo e espaço para verem que tal está a vossa saúde mental no meio de um mundo que mais parece estar virado do avesso.


Este junho o herói do mês veio mais cedo. Costumo apresentar-vos um herói por mês (à exceção dos últimos dois meses), no dia 15 de todos os meses, e este mês não ia ser diferente. No entanto, devido a tudo o que temos visto acontecer desde o trágico e injusto homicídio de George Floyd à pandemia que resiste em não acalmar o suficiente, senti que era urgente pôr em palavras a posição do projeto (e, por consequência, a minha) em relação a tudo isso.


Começo pelo que me é mais fácil de falar: a pandemia. Os meus conselhos mantém-se: fiquem em casa se puderem ficar em casa; não se aglomerem em grupos grandes, e muito menos em espaços fechados; lavem e desinfetem as vossas mãos frequentemente; apoiem comércio pequeno e local - sejam restaurantes, livrarias, etc, a partir da internet ou não (se o fizerem pessoalmente, tentem ir a uma hora em que o fluxo de pessoas seja mais reduzido e sempre com a vossa máscara e desinfetante na mão); e por último, por favor, mantenham o distanciamento social quando estão a caminhar/correr na rua, o mais que puderem. Parece fácil mas eu sei que não é. Também não vos vou dizer que sou perfeita e que cumpro tudo à risca, nada disso, mas posso-vos garantir que estou a fazer o melhor que posso para proteger aqueles à minha volta que estão mais vulneráveis perante o vírus. Se puder evitar que o apanhem, assim será. E sim, estou a par de todos os protestos que têm havido no mundo inteiro - se escolherem participar, por favor sejam cautelosos e pensem na vossa e na saúde dos que vos rodeiam. Se apresentarem sintomas ou tenham estado com alguém que os estava a apresentar e/ou estava doente, por favor não saiam para protestar. Fiquem em casa, gritem das vossas janelas/varandas.


Agora o assunto mais difícil, desconfortável e urgente. Tenho a certeza que estão todos a par do que começou por ser um movimento nos Estados Unidos e que acabou por se globalizar. A morte de George Floyd foi a última gota, foi o momento que fez com que se dissesse "de uma vez por todas, já chega". Admito que tem sido bastante difícil pôr em palavras a raiva e a agonia que senti quando vi os vídeos que circularam, e por isso tenho que deixar aqui o meu agradecimento ao movimento Amplify Melanated Voices, que pede que se dê espaço às pessoas de raça negra para falar, protestar e dar luz aos seus ideais. É o que escolhi fazer, por falta de habilidade para pôr em texto tudo o que sinto (que, vamos lá ver, nem é o que realmente importa) e por respeito à comunidade de raça negra do mundo inteiro. Se seguem a conta da Heróis no Instagram, devem ter reparado que tenho partilhado vários recursos educacionais, vários pontos de vista e várias ideias que considero pertinentes. Escolho continuar a fazer isso, pois tenho a certeza que quem vive o racismo e a injustiça na pele todos os dias saberá expressar-se muito melhor do que eu poderia - e também acho que não é o meu lugar pôr as minhas palavras a explicar as da comunidade de raça negra.


No entanto, chegou a altura de fazer algo também: não falar sobre os meus sentimentos, não roubar atenção a quem a merece mais do que eu... Sendo a Heróis sem Capa aquilo que é e defendendo aquilo que defende, estaria errado se não fizesse aquilo que sei fazer, e é aí que entram os três heróis do mês de junho: Elly, Martsy e Tray. Inspirados em três (das muitas) personalidades que marcaram a História dos Direitos Civis Afro-americanos e que, para mim, representam as várias posições fundamentais no movimento do Black Power e do Black Lives Matter: Ella Baker, Marsha P. Johnson e Trayvon Martin.


Ella Baker. Ativista dos Direitos Civis e Humanos Afro-americanos, que atuou durante mais de 50 anos em prol da igualdade entre todos, começando por se associar à NAACP (de 1938 a 1953), passando pela SCLC (de 1957 a 1960), organizando o evento que levou à criação da SNCC (de 1960 a 1966) e terminando na SCEF (de 1962 a 1967). Trabalhou ao lado de alguns dos mais importantes líderes do movimento dos Direitos Civis do século 20, como William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, Thurgood Marshall, Asa Philip Randolph e Martin Luther King Junior e foi mentora de outras muitas, entre elas Diane Nash, Stokely Carmichael, Rosa Parks e Bob Moses. Sugiro-vos que investiguem sobre todos estes nomes e que os memorizem (basta clicarem nos nomes deles aqui no post, faço o trabalho de os procurar por vocês eheh). Baker lutou a vida inteira pela democracia racial e a capacidade de os oprimidos terem a força que precisam para defenderem os seus direitos. Por todo o seu trabalho de "backstage", por todo o tempo que dedicou a ser mentora de tantos ativistas e tantos aliados, é considerada uma das líderes americanas mais importantes do século 20, e talvez a mulher mais influente do movimento dos Direitos Civis. Foi uma heroína, destemida e poderosa, não há sombra de dúvidas, e o seu legado continua presente na persistente luta contra o racismo atual.


Marsha P. Johnson. Ativista da Libertação Gay e drag queen auto-identificada. Conhecida como ávida defensora dos Direitos Homossexuais, foi uma figura proeminente na Rebelião de Stonewall, tendo estado na linha da frente dos protestos contra a opressão policial. Lutou incansavelmente em nome de trabalhadores do sexo, prisioneiros e pessoas com SIDA/HIV. Foi membro fundador da Frente de Libertação Gay, e co-fundou a organização de defesa de homossexuais e travestis S.T.A.R.. Esta organização proporcionou um dos primeiros espaços seguros nos Estados Unidos para jovens transsexuais e sem-abrigo, e é considerada ser uma organização inovadora no movimento de libertação queer e um modelo para muitas outras organizações. Marsha mostrou a toda a gente de quantas direções a opressão pode vir e, décadas depois da sua ação revolucionária no movimento dos Direitos Homossexuais, a cidade de Nova Iorque decidiu erguer uma estátua em sua homenagem. Marsha lutou também contra doenças mentais, tendo tido até alguns surtos psicóticos e estando ativamente medicada, mas nunca o escondeu, nem sentia vergonha dessa parte de si. Sem desculpas, sem medo, sem algemas que pudessem conter o seu espírito (pois o corpo prenderam dezenas de vezes), Marsha P. Johnson foi a revolução que a comunidade LGBTQI+ precisava para chegar onde chegou hoje. E, mais do que isso, é a cara do respeito pela comunidade LGBTQI+ negra. Foi uma heroína, corajosa e honesta, não há sombra de dúvidas, e o que nos deixou da sua vida são lições que merecem ser partilhadas com todos, e entre todos.


Trayvon Martin. Adolescente. Inocente. Rapaz Afro-americano de 17 anos, natural de Miami Gardens (Flórida, EUA). Saiu para comprar Skittles em Stanford (Flórida, EUA), no dia 26 de fevereiro de 2012. Ao voltar para casa, George Zimmerman, um membro da vigilância comunitária, viu o Trayvon e ligou para a polícia, dizendo que o adolescente estava a ter um comportamento suspeito. Minutos depois, Zimmerman disparou sobre o Trayvon e este faleceu. Zimmerman foi ferido durante o incidente e alega ter agido em legítima defesa. Não foi acusado na altura por falta de provas para refutar tal alegação. Algum tempo depois, devido à pressão dos media e da população, Zimmerman foi acusado mas o júri absolveu-o de homicídio em segundo grau. Não sei se estão a par de algumas leis dos EUA mas, mesmo que se conseguisse aglomerar provas para um apelo a esta decisão, Zimmerman não poderia voltar a ser acusado de homicídio em segundo grau. Trayvon Martin era um adolescente dito normal, com uma vida dita normal: ia à escola, passava tempo com os amigos, gostava de Skittles, e que morreu injustamente, nas mãos do preconceito. Não quero falar mais sobre, nem mencionar mais o nome do homem que lhe tirou a vida aos 17 anos, pois não merece a atenção. Vou falar-vos, em vez disso, do legado do Trayvon. Após a sua morte, marchas e protestos foram realizados em todos os Estados Unidos, incluindo os alunos da escola que frequentava, que fizeram um protesto de paralisação em honra à memória dele. Foi lançada uma petição que conseguiu 2,2 milhões de assinaturas. O caso teve mais cobertura nos media que a corrida presidencial que decorria. Tem um memorial em sua honra no Museu Histórico de Goldsboro Westside, dedicado à História da Comunidade de Raça Negra, em Stanford, desde julho de 2013. O legado do adolescente, no entanto, não fica por aí. Devido à absolvição do assassino, surgiu o movimento Black Lives Matter, que na altura começou por ser uma hashtag (#BlackLivesMatter), e que é um movimento internacional de Direitos Humanos, que faz campanhas contra a violência e o racismo sistémico em relação aos negros. Realiza também regularmente protestos contra a violência policial sobre a comunidade Afro-americana, desigualdade racial no sistema de justiça criminal e contra o perfil racial (como andam a ver agora). Trayvon Martin foi um herói, inocente e querido, não há sombra de dúvidas, e com o injusto falecimento dele aprendemos a dar valor às questões sociais que nos rodeiam.


Temos três heróis. Três heróis que representam os aspetos fundamentais da luta contra o racismo e a injustiça social. Não são os únicos, de maneira nenhuma, mas representam todos os nomes: os daqueles que fundaram e continuaram os movimentos dos Direitos Civis e que, mais do que tudo, educaram gerações atrás de gerações sobre a importância de ser anti-racista; os daqueles que, silenciosamente, construíram as pontes que nos trouxeram até onde estamos hoje, e a quem devemos a evolução da nossa sociedade; os daqueles que, com gritos e protestos, mostraram que a igualdade não é inatingível, e que o progresso faz-se andando para a frente e não para trás; os daqueles que injustamente caíram, pelas mãos de quem se recusa a evoluir, mas que deixaram marcas na vida de todos, e que servirão como exemplo para o futuro. Herói é herói, silencioso, barulhento, agitador ou comedido. Herói fala, herói defende. Herói cai e, se puder levanta-se. Herói ajuda herói, e agora é hora de todos ajudarmos os nossos heróis vítimas de opressão, preconceito e injustiça. Apelo ao vosso bom-senso, heróis. Uma cor é só uma cor, no final do dia o que importa é quem somos por dentro, isso é o que deixa marcas.


E, para terminar, deixo duas citações que encontrei online, que acho que são excelentes para mostrar o papel de todos nós e rematar tudo isto:



"Resistance is not a one lane highway. Maybe your lane is protesting, maybe your lane is organising, maybe your lane is counseling, maybe your lane is art activism, maybe your lane is surviving the day. Do NOT feel guilty for not occupying every lane. We need all of them."


"Some are posting on social media. Some are protesting in the streets. Some are donating silently. Some are educating themselves. Some are having tough conversations with friends and family. A revolution has many lanes - be kind to yourself and to others who are traveling in the same direction. Just keep your foot on the gas."



Deixo-vos com a ilustração dos três heróis do mês e um batalhão de links que podem (e devem consultar) :) juntos fazemos a diferença!


Até breve, heróis! Mantenham-se seguros.

#BlackLivesMatter







Links úteis, para que possam...

Informar-se sobre os heróis que apresentei:

— Ella Baker, Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ella_Baker — Ella Baker, SNCC: https://snccdigital.org/people/ella-baker/

— "Ella Baker’s Legacy Runs Deep. Know Her Name.", por Barbara Ransby: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/20/opinion/martin-luther-king-ella-baker.html

— Ella Baker, Biography.com: https://www.biography.com/activist/ella-baker — Marsha P. Johnson, Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marsha_P._Johnson — The Marsha P. Johnson Insitute: https://marshap.org/

— "Marsha P. Johnson, a black transgender woman, was a central figure in the gay liberation movement", por Christina Maxouris: https://edition.cnn.com/2019/06/26/us/marsha-p-johnson-biography/index.html — 100 Women of the Year, 1969: Marsha P. Johnson: https://time.com/5793632/marsha-p-johnson-100-women-of-the-year/ — Trayvon Martin, Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trayvon_Martin

— "Florida teen Trayvon Martin is shot and killed", por Orlando Sentinel: https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/florida-teen-trayvon-martin-is-shot-and-killed

— "The Wound Has Never Healed”: Community Leader Reminded of Trayvon Martin Amid Floyd Protests", por Dan Messineo: https://www.baynews9.com/fl/tampa/news/2020/06/03/reflecting-on-trayvon-martin-amid-george-floyd-protests

— George Zimmerman not guilty of Trayvon Martin murder, BBC News: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-23304198



Informar-se sobre a História da Comunidade Negra:

— Black Lives Matter: https://blacklivesmatter.com/

— Black Lives Matter, Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Lives_Matter

— "Five African Americans Forgotten in History", por Joe McGasko: https://www.biography.com/news/african-american-firsts-history

— "Black History Milestones: Timeline", por Bettmann Archive: http://history.com/topics/black-history/black-history-milestones

— "18 Key Figures from the Civil Rights Movement", por Alex Browne: https://www.historyhit.com/key-figures-from-the-civil-rights-movement/

— "44 African-Americans who shook up the world", por Kevin Merida: https://theundefeated.com/features/the-undefeated-44-most-influential-black-americans-in-history/

— "40 Unsung Heroes of Black History We Should All Learn About This Month", por Trista https://historycollection.co/40-unsung-heroes-of-black-history-we-should-all-learn-about-this-month/

— "Who was George Floyd? Unemployed due to coronavirus, he’d moved to Minneapolis for a fresh start.", por Todd Richmond: https://www.chicagotribune.com/nation-world/ct-nw-george-floyd-biography-20200528-y3l67rrmfnb3dh4x3i5iipneq4-story.html

— "Here’s What You Need to Know About Breonna Taylor’s Death", por Richard A. Oppel Jr.: https://www.nytimes.com/article/breonna-taylor-police.html



Informar-se sobre racismo em Portugal (este artigo da Comunidade Cultura e Arte é extremamente completo):

— "Racismo em Portugal: compilação de recursos e referências para perceber e combater o racismo português": https://www.comunidadeculturaearte.com/racismo-em-portugal-compilacao-de-recursos-e-referencias-para-perceber-e-combater-o-racismo-portugues/



Assinar petições:

— Justiça para Breonna Taylor: https://www.standwithbre.com/

— Justiça para George Floyd: https://www.change.org/p/mayor-jacob-frey-justice-for-george-floyd?utm_source=brand_us&utm_medium=media&use_react=false

— We Can't Breathe: https://www.wecantbreathenational.org/

— Justiça para Belly Mujinga: https://www.change.org/p/govia-thameslink-justice-for-belly-mujinga-justiceforbellymujinga

— Justiça para Tony McDade: https://www.change.org/p/justice-for-tony-mcdade?use_react=false

— Justiça para Ahmaud Arbery: https://www.change.org/p/liberty-county-distric-attorney-justice-for-ahmaud-arbery



Doar:

— Família de George Floyd: https://www.gofundme.com/f/georgefloyd

— Família de Ahmaud Arbery: https://www.gofundme.com/f/i-run-with-maud

— Família de Breonna Taylor: https://www.gofundme.com/f/9v4q2-justice-for-breonna-taylor/donate ; https://www.gofundme.com/f/9v4q2-justice-for-breonna-taylor

— Fundo de Defesa e Educação Legal da NAACP: https://org2.salsalabs.com/o/6857/p/salsa/donation/common/public/?donate_page_KEY=15780

— Black Lives Matter: https://secure.actblue.com/donate/ms_blm_homepage_2019



Doar sem terem que tocar na vossa carteira:

— "how to financially help BLM with NO MONEY/leaving your house (Invest in the future for FREE)", de Zoe Amira: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bCgLa25fDHM&feature=youtu.be



Ver Filmes/Séries/Documentários:

— A 13ª Emenda (Netflix)

— Aos olhos da justiça (Netflix)

— A Vida e Morte de Marsha P. Johnson (Netflix)



Ler livros (para além dos que estão no artigo da Comunidade Cultura e Arte):

— Why I'm No Longer Talking to White People About Race, de Reni Eddo Lodge, publicado pela Bloomsbury

— O Ódio Que Semeias, de Angie Thomas, publicado pela Editorial Presença

— So You Want to Talk About Race, de Ijeoma Oluo, publicado pela Seal Press

— Sou um Crime - Nascer e crescer no Apartheid, de Trevor Noah, publicado pela Tinta da China

— I Am Not Your Negro, de James Baldwin, publicado pela Penguin Random House

— They Can't Kill Us Until They Kill Us, de Hanif Aburraqib, publicado pela Melville House

— White Fragility, de Robin DiAngelo, publicado pela Beacon Press

— Mataram a Cotovia, de Harper Lee, publicado pela Relógio d’Água

— Women, Race and Class, de Angela Davis, publicado pela Penguin Random House

— Angela Davis, an Autobiography, de Angela Davis, publicado pela International Publishers Co.



Ler livros aos mais pequenos sobre racismo e preconceito:

— This book os Antiracist: 20 Lessons on How to Wake Up, Take Action, and Do the Work, de Tiffany Jewell, publicado por Quarto Knows

— Mahatma Gandhi e Ella Fitzgerald, em português, da coleção Meninos/as pequenos/as GRANDES SONHOS, publicados pela Nuvem de Letras; Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Jesse Owen, Harriet Tubman, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Maya Angelou, Josephine Baker e Muhammad Ali, em inglês, da coleção Little People BIG DREAMS, de Maria Isabel Sanchez Vegara, publicados pela Quarto Knows

— Young, Gifted and Black: Meet 52 Black Heroes from Past and Present, de Jamia Wilson, ilustrado por Andrea Poppins, publicado por Quarto Knows

— An ABC of Equality, de China Ginelle Ewing, ilustrado por Paulina Morgan, publicado por Quarto Knows

— Racismo e intolerância, de Louise Spilsbury, ilustrado por Hanane Kai, publicado pela Bertrand Editora

— Antiracist Baby, de Ibram X. Kendi, ilustrado por Ashley Lukashevsky, publicado pela Penguin Random House







[ EN ]

Hello, heroes!


I hope you’re well and that you’re giving yourselves a bit of time and space to check up on your mental health in the midst of a world that seems to be upside down at the moment.


This June our Hero of the Month has arrived early. I usually present you one hero per month (with the exception of the past two months), every 15th of the month, and this June was going to be no different. However, due to everything that’s escalated since the tragic and unfair passing of George Floyd and the fact that the pandemic keeps on not wanting to settle down, I felt it was urgent to put into words the position of this project (and, consequently, my own), when it comes to all of that.

Let me start by what’s easier: the pandemic. My advice maintains: stay home if you can stay home; don’t gather up in large groups and even less do that in closed spaces; wash and disinfect your hands frequently; support your local and small business - being that restaurants, bookstores, etc - through the internet or in person (if you decide to do the latter, carry around your mask and disinfectant at all times and try to go at a time there’ll be the less amount of people possible); and lastly, please, keep social distancing whenever you’re walking down the street, running/jogging, as much as you can. It seems easy but I know it is not. I also won’t stay here an pretend I’m perfect and say I obey the rules at the maximum extent, not at all, but I can guarantee you I’m doing the best I can to protect those around me who are more vulnerable towards this virus. If I can avoid them getting it, I will. And ye, I’m aware of the protests that have been going on all around the world - if you choose to join them, please be careful and mindful of your and other people’s health. If you’re showing symptoms or have been around someone who has or who even was sick, please don’t go out and protest. Stay home, shout from your windows/balconies.


Now the tougher subject, the one that’s more uncomfortable and urgent. I’m sure you’re all aware of what started to set off in the United States and ended up globalising. George Floyd’s death was the last straw, it was the moment that made people say “once and for all, that’s enough”. I have to admit it’s been hard to put into words the anger and agony I felt when I saw the videos that circulated on the internet, and that’s why I praise and thank the Amplify Melanated Voices movement - a movement that asks for there to be given space to black people/people of colour to speak, protest and shed light on their ideals. That’s what I chose to do, for lack of ability to write about all I’m feeling (which, let’s be honest, isn’t even what matters in the situation) and for respect to the black community worldwide. If you follow this project’s account on Instagram, you probably noticed I’ve been sharing several educational resources, points of view and ideas I find pertinent. I choose to keep doing just that, as I’m sure that those who actually experience racism and injustice every day will know how to express themselves way better that I ever could - and also because I feel it isn’t really my place to put in my words trying to explain those that come from the black community.


However, it’s time I actually did something too: I won’t speak of my feelings, I won’t steal the attention from those more deserving… Being Heroes Without Cape what it is, defending what it does, it would be wrong of me not to do what I know best, and that’s where our three June’s Heroes of the Month come in: Elly, Martsy and Tray. Inspired by three (of so many) personalities that made History in the African-American Civil Rights Movements and that, to me, represent the varying fundamental positions in the Black Power and Black Lives Matter movements: Ella Baker, Marsha P. Johnson and Trayvon Martin.


Ella Baker. Civil and African-American Human Rights activist, who worked for over 50 years for equality amongst everyone, having started her career in NAACP (from 1938 to 1953), then transitioning to SCLC (from 1957 to 1960), then organising the event that lead to the creation of SNCC (from 1960 to 1966) and ending her work-life in SCEF (from 1962 to 1967). Baker worked alongside some of the most important leaders in the 20th century Civil Rights movement, such as William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, Thurgood Marshall, Asa Philip Randolph and Martin Luther King Junior, and she also mentored many others, like Diane Nash, Stokely Carmichael, Rosa Parks and Bob Moses. I suggest you investigate all these names and that you memorise them (all you have to do is click their names here in this post, I've even done the looking up part of the job for you hehe). All her life, she fought for racial democracy and the ability for the oppressed to have the strength to defend their rights. For all her "backstage" work, for all the time she dedicated to mentor so many activists and allies, she's considered to be one of the most important American leaders of the 20th century, and maybe even the most influential woman in the Civil Rights movement. She was a hero, fearless and powerful, no doubt about it, and her legacy continues to be present in the persistent (and current) fight against racism.


Marsha P. Johnson. Gay Liberation activist and self-identified drag queen. Known as an avid supporter of the Homosexual Rights, she was a prominent figure in the Stonewall Riots, having been at the forefront of the protests against police oppression. She fought tirelessly on behalf of sex workers, prisoners and people with AIDS/HIV. She was a founding member of the Gay Liberation Front, and co-founded the gay and transvestite advocacy organisation S.T.A.R., which provided one of the first safe spaces in the United States for the transgender and homeless youth, and which is considered to be an innovative organisation in the queer liberation movement and a model for many other organisations. Marsha showed everyone how many directions oppression can come from, and decades after her revolutionary acts when fighting for the Homosexual Rights movement, New York City decided to build a statue in her honor. Marsha also struggled with mental illness, having had some psychotic breakouts and being actively medicated, which she never hid, nor was she ashamed of that part of herself. Unapologetically, fearlessly, with no handcuffs that could contain her spirit (because physically she was arrested dozens of times), Marsha P. Johnson was the revolution that the LGBTQI + community needed to get to where it is today. And, more than that, she is the face of respect associated with the LGBTQI + black community. She was a hero, brave and honest, no doubt about it, and what her life has left us are lessons that deserve to be shared with everyone, amongst everyone.


Trayvon Martin. Teenager. Innocent. 17-year-old African-American boy, born in Miami Gardens (Florida, USA). He went out to buy Skittles in Stanford (Florida, USA), on February 26, 2012. Upon returning home, George Zimmerman, a member of the community watch, saw Trayvon and called the police, saying the teenager was portraying suspicious behaviour. Minutes later, Zimmerman fired a gun at Trayvon and he passed away. Zimmerman was injured during the incident and claims to have acted in self-defense. He was not charged at the time for lack of evidence to refute such an allegation. Some time later, due to pressure from the media and the black community (and allies), Zimmerman was charged, although the jury absolved him of second-degree murder. In case you're not aware of some US laws, even if evidence could be brought together to appeal to this decision, Zimmerman could not be charged with second-degree murder again. Trayvon Martin was said to be a normal teenager, with a so-called normal life: he went to school, spent time with friends, liked Skittles, and died unjustly at the hands of prejudice. I don't want to talk about the man who took his life at 17 anymore, nor mention his name, because he doesn't deserve the attention. I'll tell you, instead, about Trayvon's legacy: after his death, marches and protests were held across the United States, including students at the school he attended, who held a standstill protest in honor of his memory. A petition was launched that obtained 2.2 million signatures. The case had more media coverage than the ongoing presidential race. He has a memorial in his honor at the Goldsboro Westside Historical Museum, dedicated to Black History, in Stanford, since July 2013. The teenager's legacy, however, does not end there. Due to the murderer's acquittal, the Black Lives Matter movement emerged, which at the time started as a hashtag (#BlackLivesMatter), and which is now an international human rights movement, which campaigns against systemic violence and racism towards black people. It also regularly organises protests against police violence towards the African-American community, racial inequality in the criminal justice system and against racial profiles. Trayvon Martin was a hero, innocent and beloved, no doubt about it, and with his unjust death we learned to value the social issues that surround us.


We've got three heroes. Three heroes who represent the fundamental aspects of the fight against racism and social injustice. They're not the only ones, by any means, but they represent all those: who founded and continued the Civil Rights movements and who, more than anything, educated generation after generation about the importance of being anti-racist; who silently built the bridges that brought us to where we are today, and to whom we owe the evolution of our society; who, with shouts and protests, showed that equality is not unattainable, and that progress is made by moving forward and not backwards; who unjustly fell, at the hands of those who refuse to evolve, but who left marks on everyone's lives, and who will serve as an example for the future. A hero is a hero. Silent, loud, agitated or restrained. A hero speaks, a hero defends. A hero falls and, if possible, gets back up again. A hero helps other heroes, and now it's time for everyone to help our heroes who are victims of oppression, prejudice and injustice. I appeal to your common sense, heroes. A colour is just a colour, and at the end of the day what matters is who we are inside, that is what will leave a mark in the world. And to finish up, here are two quotes that I found online, which I think are excellent for showing the role of all of us in this worldwide movement:




"Resistance is not a one lane highway. Maybe your lane is protesting, maybe your lane is organising, maybe your lane is counselling, maybe your lane is art activism, maybe your lane is surviving the day. Do NOT feel guilty for not occupying every lane. We need all of them. " "Some are posting on social media. Some are protesting in the streets. Some are donating silently. Some are educating themselves. Some are having tough conversations with friends and family. A revolution has many lanes - be kind to yourself and to others who are traveling in the same direction. Just keep your foot on the gas."

I'll now leave you with the illustration of the three heroes of the month (scroll up) and a battalion of links that you can (and should) consult :) together we will make a difference! See you soon, heroes! Stay safe. #BlackLivesMatter


Useful links, so you can...

Educate yourself on the heroes I presented:

— Ella Baker, Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ella_Baker — Ella Baker, SNCC: https://snccdigital.org/people/ella-baker/

— "Ella Baker’s Legacy Runs Deep. Know Her Name.", por Barbara Ransby: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/20/opinion/martin-luther-king-ella-baker.html

— Ella Baker, Biography.com: https://www.biography.com/activist/ella-baker — Marsha P. Johnson, Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marsha_P._Johnson — The Marsha P. Johnson Insitute: https://marshap.org/

— "Marsha P. Johnson, a black transgender woman, was a central figure in the gay liberation movement", por Christina Maxouris: https://edition.cnn.com/2019/06/26/us/marsha-p-johnson-biography/index.html — 100 Women of the Year, 1969: Marsha P. Johnson: https://time.com/5793632/marsha-p-johnson-100-women-of-the-year/ — Trayvon Martin, Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trayvon_Martin

— "Florida teen Trayvon Martin is shot and killed", por Orlando Sentinel: https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/florida-teen-trayvon-martin-is-shot-and-killed

— "The Wound Has Never Healed”: Community Leader Reminded of Trayvon Martin Amid Floyd Protests", por Dan Messineo: https://www.baynews9.com/fl/tampa/news/2020/06/03/reflecting-on-trayvon-martin-amid-george-floyd-protests

— "George Zimmerman not guilty of Trayvon Martin murder", BBC News: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-23304198

Educate yourself on Black History:

— Black Lives Matter: https://blacklivesmatter.com/

— Black Lives Matter, Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Lives_Matter

— "Five African Americans Forgotten in History", por Joe McGasko: https://www.biography.com/news/african-american-firsts-history

— "Black History Milestones: Timeline", por Bettmann Archive: http://history.com/topics/black-history/black-history-milestones

— "18 Key Figures from the Civil Rights Movement", por Alex Browne: https://www.historyhit.com/key-figures-from-the-civil-rights-movement/

— "44 African-Americans who shook up the world", por Kevin Merida: https://theundefeated.com/features/the-undefeated-44-most-influential-black-americans-in-history/

— "40 Unsung Heroes of Black History We Should All Learn About This Month", por Trista https://historycollection.co/40-unsung-heroes-of-black-history-we-should-all-learn-about-this-month/

— "Who was George Floyd? Unemployed due to coronavirus, he’d moved to Minneapolis for a fresh start.", por Todd Richmond: https://www.chicagotribune.com/nation-world/ct-nw-george-floyd-biography-20200528-y3l67rrmfnb3dh4x3i5iipneq4-story.html

— "Here’s What You Need to Know About Breonna Taylor’s Death", por Richard A. Oppel Jr.: https://www.nytimes.com/article/breonna-taylor-police.html

Sign petitions:

— Justiça para Breonna Taylor: https://www.standwithbre.com/

— Justiça para George Floyd: https://www.change.org/p/mayor-jacob-frey-justice-for-george-floyd?utm_source=brand_us&utm_medium=media&use_react=false

— We Can't Breathe: https://www.wecantbreathenational.org/

— Justiça para Belly Mujinga: https://www.change.org/p/govia-thameslink-justice-for-belly-mujinga-justiceforbellymujinga

— Justiça para Tony McDade: https://www.change.org/p/justice-for-tony-mcdade?use_react=false

— Justiça para Ahmaud Arbery: https://www.change.org/p/liberty-county-distric-attorney-justice-for-ahmaud-arbery

Donate:

— George Floyd's family: https://www.gofundme.com/f/georgefloyd

— Ahmaud Arbery's family: https://www.gofundme.com/f/i-run-with-maud

— Breonna Taylor's family: https://www.gofundme.com/f/9v4q2-justice-for-breonna-taylor/donate ; https://www.gofundme.com/f/9v4q2-justice-for-breonna-taylor

— NAACP's Legal Defense and Educational Fund: https://org2.salsalabs.com/o/6857/p/salsa/donation/common/public/?donate_page_KEY=15780

— Black Lives Matter: https://secure.actblue.com/donate/ms_blm_homepage_2019

Donate without having to touch your wallet:

— "how to financially help BLM with NO MONEY/leaving your house (Invest in the future for FREE)", de Zoe Amira: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bCgLa25fDHM&feature=youtu.be

Watch a movie/series/documentary:

— The 13th (Netflix)

— When They See Us (Netflix)

— The Death and Life of Marsha P. Johnson (Netflix)

Read a book:

— Why I'm No Longer Talking to White People About Race, by Reni Eddo Lodge, published by Bloomsbury

— The Hate U Give, by Angie Thomas, published by HarperCollins

— So You Want to Talk About Race, by Ijeoma Oluo, published by Seal Press

— Born a crime, by Trevor Noah, published by Spiegel & Grau

— I Am Not Your Negro, by James Baldwin, published by Penguin Random House

— They Can't Kill Us Until They Kill Us, by Hanif Aburraqib, published by Melville House

— White Fragility, by Robin DiAngelo, published by Beacon Press

— To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, published by J. B. Lippincott & Co.

— Women, Race and Class, by Angela Davis, published by Penguin Random House

— Angela Davis, an Autobiography, by Angela Davis, published by International Publishers Co.

Read a book to the younger ones:

— This book os Antiracist: 20 Lessons on How to Wake Up, Take Action, and Do the Work, by Tiffany Jewell, published by Quarto Knows

— Mahatma Gandhi, Ella Fitzgerald, Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Jesse Owen, Harriet Tubman, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Maya Angelou, Josephine Baker e Muhammad Ali, of the collection Little People BIG DREAMS, by Maria Isabel Sanchez Vegara, published by Quarto Knows

— Young, Gifted and Black: Meet 52 Black Heroes from Past and Present, by Jamia Wilson, illustrated by Andrea Poppins, published by Quarto Knows

— An ABC of Equality, by China Ginelle Ewing, illustrated by Paulina Morgan, published by Quarto Knows

— Racism and Intolerance, by Louise Spilsbury, illustrated by Hanane Kai, published by B.E.S.

— Antiracist Baby, by Ibram X. Kendi, illustrated by Ashley Lukashevsky, published by Penguin Random House

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